The Institute for Health Quality and Ethics
What is Informed Consent?
"In clinical practice, the doctrine of informed consent rose to dominance during the course of the 20th century. It replaced a medical ethos founded on trust in physicians' decisions—often on the assumption that “doctor knows best”—with an ethos that sought to put patients in charge of their own care. In medical research on human subjects, informed consent requirements gained prominence in reaction to abuses. One influential response to the cruelty of Nazi experiments was the Nuremberg Code of research ethics, which stipulated, “The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential” (Faden and Beauchamp 1986, 156)."1
1. Eyal, Nir, "Informed Consent", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2012 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2012/entries/informed-consent/.
|Evolution of Informed Consent (Coming Soon)
- Influential medical and social movements
- Unethical research practices
- Development of Ethical Guidelines and Standards for Research
- Development of Ethical Guidelines and Standards in Clinical Practice